John VIII and Alexander XI failed to maintain defenses and close allies, and to confront Mehmed early with strength ... Constantinople fell and the
Byzantine Empire was no more.
Obsessing on Texas and 'honor', Mexico's leaders chose an unwinnable war over waiting until Polk's term was over ... California, New
Mexico, Arizona and more were lost forever.
France and Britain refused to act when they were stronger than Hitler, opting for successive concessions and 'peace for our time' ... 42 million people died in
Europe during World War II.
Palestinian Arabs abetted Jewish settling, allowed others to guide their agendas, rejected a U.N.-sanctioned state ... Ben-Gurion and Weizmann achieved statehood
U.S. and British leaders 'drew a line' and consistently stood up to Soviet aggressions beyond that line ... Stalin gave up;
worldwide Communism went down.